Week 7: Race and Ethnicity in UK Film and TV

History of Race and Ethnicity in UK Film and TV:

  1. The first full length TV documentary programme to talk about Black immigrants in Britain was Special Enquiry: Has Britain A Colour Bar? (31 Jan 1955)- Important on this is because it provoked emotive responses from many White viewers who felt that it was a defense of Black people in its acknowledgement that racial discrimination existed in Britain.
  2. The first programme to recognize that a space should be created for a specific racial audience was Asian Club (BBC, 1953-1961)- Important on this is because this programme did indicate that efforts were being made to address non-English viewers.
  3. John Hopkins’ British-based anti-apartheid play Fable (BBC 1, 1965)- Important on this is because the show marked a racial use of form and content compared to the dominant representations of ‘race’ and hallmark of documentary realism hitherto deployed in race relations discourses.
  4. BBC set up the Independent Programmes Complaints Commision in October 1977- Important on this is because BBC would consider viewers’ complaints about particular radio and TV broadcast that can grow debate about the role of TV in social life.bbc1_bw
  5. In 1978, the soon-to-be-elected Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, echoed Enoch Powell’s infamous 1968 ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech when she spoke of the threat of being ‘swamped by alien cultures’- Important on this is because many people including Asian, African and Caribbean people in 1980s Britain began to use the collective term ‘Black’ as a political term.ThatcherRexNilsJorgensen300
  6. Formation of Channel 4 in1982- Important on this is because Channel 4 is the first TV channel that set up for Black audiences, this provide a space for Black people to express their views in Britain.channel-4-logo
  7. Channel 4 and Black British independent film practices- Important on this is because in the 1980s, contestation over national identity increasingly developed as a central political and social issue and as a preoccupation of emerged forms of representation.Channel4_race
  8. Formation of Channel 5- Deregulation and the Broadcasting Acts 1990 and 1996)channel-5
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